Canadians, on average, reported reading about 17 books in the past 12 months, of which 22% were written by Canadian authors. Twelve per cent indicated they spend no time reading books.
Adrian Stein of Books in Canada, said the high percentage of Canadians unable to name a Canadian author is "dreadful but not surprising."
"It is difficult for any country to maintain a literary culture when the vehicles that support this expression are disappearing, one by one.""There is little interest or understanding of the nature of book reviewing or its importance to an independent publishing industry at the level of Canadian Heritage," Mr. Stein said.
Wednesday, December 31, 2008
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Thursday, December 25, 2008
Over the years, NYPD Blue co-creator David Milch developed an idiosyncratic dialogue style for the show, which eventually came to be known as "Milch-speak." Originally employed only by Sipowicz and Medavoy, Milch-speak eventually came into use by every character on the show: cops, crooks, lawyers, victims, and pretty much everyone short of little Theo Sipowicz.
Milch, like his good friend playwright David Mamet, firmly believes in the power of sentence construction. He feels a line like "Did the Russians mention anything about a girl getting whacked at their club last night?" isn't half as evocative as "They mention anything about a girl getting whacked at their club last night, the Russians?" He loves cop lingo, and would rather have a character say that someone "came in lawyered up" instead of "came in with his lawyer."
For the first seven seasons of the show, Milch either wrote or rewrote nearly every line of dialogue in every episode. While the names on the scripts changed from week to week, the only writer whose names really mattered were Milch and Bill Clark, who helped him cook up story ideas each week. After one of the staffers put together a few early drafts, Milch would rewrite -- often extensively, sometimes completely -- the script until it satisfied him. Sometimes, that satisfaction took a while to come. He's been known to often give actors their lines moments before a scene was being filmed and, on at least one occasion, "wrote" an entire episode without actually putting any of the script down on paper. (The seventh season finale.)
For seven years, many observers were convinced that Milch was the show. Sipowicz, originally based on certain aspects of Milch's father, eventually become an alter ego for Milch himself, and some writers from the show, past and present, said Milch was the only one who knew how to write for Andy.
But Milch's desire to succeed away from the shadow of Steven Bochco led him to leave the show after season seven and create the CBS drama Big Apple. In the meantime, Bochco and the writing staff have had to find their own voice on the show, and that voice usually doesn't use Milch-speak. To the relief of many, the characters began talking in plain, easily-understood English once Milch left.